Changes in Bowel and Bladder Function
Advancing illness affects the body's ability to process food and fluids and to eliminate waste products. These changes are often the ones people are least comfortable talking about and raise real concerns about dignity and caregiving. Constipation is common. Urine may decrease and turn darker and smell stronger as food and fluid intake naturally decreases. Disposable pads or a catheter may be needed to help with incontinence.
- Promote dignity by maintaining as much privacy as possible.
- Provide personal care frequently to protect the skin and to minimize odors.