The combined effects of immobility and decreased blood circulation can easily lead to bedsores. Staying in the same position in a bed or chair for more than a couple of hours is enough to begin a sore. Bedsores appear first as a reddened or discolored area. These areas are usually on the back, buttocks or heals but can appear at any pressure point. Sometimes even with the most attentive care during the dying process, bedsores happen. The goal when someone is dying is to prevent pressure sores from interfering with their comfort. This happens by working to prevent new bedsores and to keep any existing bedsores from getting worse.
- Add cushioning to the seats of chairs and wheelchairs.
- Whether sitting or lying down, reposition to shif the points of pressure at least every two hours.
- If repositioning causes discomfort, give pain medication before moving.
- Keep skin clean, dry and well moisturized.
- Do not rub areas of redness.
- Use pillows, heel pads and elbow pads to cushion bony areas.